• Remove dead branches hanging over your roof.
• Remove any branches within 15 feet of your
• Clean all dead leaves and needles from your roof
and gutters. Install a roof that meets the fire
resistance classification of “Class C” or better. Local
jurisdictions may require a higher fire resistance
rating. Check with your fire marshal.
• Cover your chimney outlet and stovepipe with a
nonflammable screen of one-half inch or smaller
• Build your home away from ridge tops, canyons and
areas between high points on a ridge.
• Build your home at least 30 feet from your property
• Use fire resistant building materials.
• Enclose the underside of balconies and above
ground decks with fire resistant materials.
• Limit the size and number of windows in your home
that face large areas of vegetation.
• Install only dual-paned or triple-paned windows.
• Consider sprinkler systems within the house. They
may protect your home while you’re away or prevent
a house fire from spreading into the wildlands.
• See “Creating An Effective Defensible Space” and
“Firescape - Fire Safe Landscape Design.”
• Stack woodpiles at least 30 feet from all structures
an clear away flammable vegetation within 10 feet of
• Locate LPG tanks (butane and propane) at least 30
feet from any structure and surround them with 10
feet of clearance.
• Remove all stacks of construction materials, pine
needles, leaves and other debris from your yard.
• Contact your local fire department to see if open
burning is allowed in your area; if so, obtain a permit
before burning debris.
• Where burn barrels are allowed, clear flam-
mable materials at least 10 feet around the
barrel; cover the open top with a non-flam-
mable screen with mesh no larger than one
5. Emergency Water Supply
• Maintain an emergency water supply that
meets fire department standards through
one of the following:
— a community water/hydrant system
— a cooperative emergency storage tank
— a minimum storage supply of 2,500
gallons on your property
• Clearly mark all emergency water sources
and notify your local fire department of their
• Create easy firefighter access to your
closest emergency water source.
•If your water comes from a well, consider an
emergency generator to operate the pump
during a power failure.
• Identify at least two exit routes from your neighbor-
• Construct roads that allow two way traffic.
• Design road width, grade and curves to allow access
for large emergency vehicles.
• Construct driveways to allow large emergency equip-
ment to reach your house.
• Design bridges to carry heavy emergency vehicles,
including bulldozers carried on large trucks.
• Post clear road signs to show traffic restrictions such
as dead-end roads, and weight and height
• Make sure dead-end roads and long driveways have
turnaround areas wide enough for emergency vehi-
cles. Construct turnouts along one-way roads.
• Clear flammable vegetation at least 10 feet from
roads and five feet from driveways.
• Cut back overhanging tree branches above roads.
• Construct fire barriers, such as greenbelts, parks,
golf courses and athletic fields.
• Make sure that your street is named or numbered,
and a sign is visibly posted at each street
• Make sure that your street name and house number
are not duplicated elsewhere in the county.
• Post your house address at the beginning of your
driveway, or on your house if it is easily visible from
• Designate an emergency meeting place outside your
• Practice emergency exit drills regularly.
• Make sure that electric service lines, fuse boxes and
circuit breaker panels are installed and maintained
as prescribed by code.
• Contact qualified individuals to perform electrical
maintenance and repairs.